Earth, Water, Fire, Sky and Air are five vital constituents through which body is made.
Fire has light and energy, both vital for sustenance of life. As a plant grows well receiving sunlight for carrying out photosynthesis but the same plant gets finished on receiving extra sun light. A new born baby is being shown to sun’s rays in the early morning for the vitamin D and for a healthy baby but increased intensity of sun rays leads to tanning and skin cancer. Fire is a good servant but a bad master indeed.
Fire brought significant transformation in the lives of people in the ancient time. When people used to wander here and there in search of hunting animals for food, The fire produced by accidental rubbing of CHINKARA STONES by them helped them to live a stable life. They started cooking and gradually started rearing animals. They also learnt to shape different metal equipment with fire which ultimately been used in agriculture and pottery with the help of fire, all this led to advancement in their life. They advanced towards a more civilized life. In the Vedic era people used to perform Yagya( religious ritual) which holds a significant importance in present times too.
Fire is essential for carrying out metabolism in human beings , photosynthesis in plants and for sustaining the life cycle of every creature on earth. Electricity, transport, communication all has been made possible due to fire only. Most significantly we are able to realize the beauty around us through light .
Moreover there is one more dimension of fire, fire of passion, aspirations and achievements. The belly needs to be ignited with fire of ones passion to improve and succeed. This is fueled by ones commitment, determination, devotion and dedicated efforts.
Fire which is needed for growth is equally responsible for devastation and playing havoc if go uncontrolled. Recent forest fires of Uttarakhand is a glaring example, where animals and human life is adversely affected due to the heavy fire. Light is essential to see but how the increased intensity makes us to shrink eye ball and evading its harmful effects.
While cooking food one has to remain conscious for the limited supply of LPG and check its leakage to ensure a safe food preparation. If fire gives life, it is equally responsible for taking it if go uncontrolled. Few years back in Delhi a full movie auditorium caught fire and this accident took all lives present in the auditorium leaving a great pain for relatives and the society as a whole behind.
Increased intensity of sun’s rays which has been caused due to increased emission of carbon dioxide and chloro fluoro carbons is responsible for enhanced global warming. The fire for material development must be complemented by judicious use of our natural resources. Again if go unchecked this may lead to severe environmental hazards recent drought, delayed Monsoon, unpredictable weather, endangering animal species. Ecological balance is under threat due to uncontrolled fire for superficial development and pleased putting the future of humanity at stake.
Burning of crackers in the festivities of temple in South took some lives and injured many recently under the veil of religious ceremonies. Such incidents need to be checked because religion never teaches us to keep the lives in danger and harm society under its ambit.
Nevertheless the fire of passion is necessary for cherishing ones aspirations but this should be fueled by good moral values and etiquettes for the greater good of humanity. The fire to achieve must be nurtured by a proper counselling and direction. Recent suicide by a girl who qualified in IIT but wanted to pursue humanities is really an unfortunate incident. If this fire is driving the youths to suicide and depressions then surely we need to put a question mark on such fire of passion.
Such extreme steps reflect the sick mindset of youths. Either they are thriving under wrong fire or they do not have that fire. But a girl who got selection in IIT had that fire in her. What led her to take such step?. These issues must be resolved amicably.
Fire needs to be moderated to get the desired results. We can not blame fire for any cause as it is the same fire which sustains life effectively. But the onus lies to one who controls it. If we give a matchstick or a cracker in a child’s hand, it will surely burn him. One needs to be cautious and conscious while dealing with it. Cooking adds taste to the food but overcooking spoils it. Everything is wonderful till is follows necessary norms. Weeds have to be plucked out which grow unnecessarily on the field and sucks the nutrition of the main crop. Dyeing clothes with different colors require controlled fire, ironing of clothes again require uniform temperature and need to be adjusted as according to the variety of cloth. All the beauty of stars present in the sky vanishes before the excessive sun light in the day but how wonderfully they appear in the sky at night again. Planet Mercury has no life only because it is too close to Sun and Neptune too as very far from Sun extremely cold. Nuclear fusion source of Sun’s energy , if goes uncontrolled brings devastating results. Balance and checks are utmost necessary for propelling wholesome growth.


When Smile Pinky movie got international award and pinky a small girl born with cleft lips got international recognition. Many children started admiring the fate she has and dreamt about them to be there some day. Its an apt quote that the grass appears greener on the other side of the fence always. As in this case everyone recognized the fame she got but never even thought even once about the trauma of being born with cleft lips. Its common tendency to consider others in a better position which takes one away from accepting the reality.
This quote holds much importance in today’s highly competitive world. It takes the form of an excuse for being a defaulter, a loser, procrastination and assuming a false satisfaction. When one outperforms others there are hardly few individuals who realize ones acumen, hardships and struggles . When one country grows economically the onus is put to its rich resources and its geographical position commonly. The analysis of this topic would help resolving the cause of failure and help building a strong relationship which grows with understanding , concern and a pure sense of belonging. This holds much importance in the present era of globalization too .
We are heading towards a more competitive world gradually. Competition to attain a decent standard of living. There is huge pressure of performance and excellence. Education term is getting confined to the brimming coaching institutes these days. There are rare examples who excel without taking any coaching but if they, we often hear the comments about him/her to be god gifted. That comment of god gift itself take that person to be in better position from all others who have not been the God’s favorite.
But is this geuine? Can any progress be brought without honest efforts?. The answer is complete no. Individuals try to shield their mistakes by uttering such comments. If one keeps eyes on others only for being in a more privileged position he would end up getting nothing. As gradually this comment would become an innate characteristic of the personality. He will escape from working hard and facing the grim realities.
It is always easier to see the brighter side of the picture. How simply do we enjoy seeing movies in auditorium or homes taking popcorns and beverages. We dream for the silver screen life. As their famed life seems better and convenient. But there is huge difference in what appears and the reality. The long tiring work schedule and spice free foods , working at times of ill health too. Moreover these filmstars are not free to move like us, always surrounded by body guards. They do not even take much time for themselves. They can not afford to skip their hard gym schedules even once. Life is indeed tough.
It takes an exra mile for getting healthy, wealthy and famous. Ask any business tycoon, civil servant , doctors, engineers that life is not a cup of tea merely. With growing position in the society the responsibility grows. If one is competent enough to hold the responsibility gracefully then he will continue to earn fame and wealth. There is a direct relationship between wealth and fame. Only comes to those who consistently work for that instead of being complacent of their past achievements.
Abraham linkan US first president and many only know about the powers he hold while remaining to the coveted place but how many of us know about the hardships he went before that?. He lost his wife in an early age, lost the election to the legislature many times, undergone depression and met with so many drastic failures but he could gather strength to fight back and emerge a true winner.
The tendency to consider others in a better position is dubious and far from the reality. Everyone has to maintain a place in the society by sincere efforts only ,there is no short cut to success because lessons learnt from downfalls and failures are precious for learning and advancing.
This holds true in the success of any nation too. We may take the examples of Japan and Singapore how successfully these nations build their rapport by judicious use of natural and human resources. Japan was crippled due to explosion of atom bomb in the second world war. Singapore earlier was a part of Malaysia after being excluded from it , it set new parameters of advance economy and success. Success has no set definition and it can never be put to judgement by others.
Those who are categorizing and are being judgmental are getting biased towards themselves only. As a perfect demarcation of success may never be done. Scathing bad remarks for underperforming governance and inflation has become the common trend these days. We think as they have necessary authority they should work for curbing inflation and welfare. Often people comment if I would have been in that position , I would have certainly done so many things but again it is partially true as getting to the top needs perfect balance which is really hard.
Every time when we see others success and happiness. We must try to realize the very road map filled with troubles and turbulence and also adhere the patience and perseverance shown for getting success. Only then one must get the holistic picture. The grass is not always greener but one must consistently nourish it with water and nutrients to make it greener and lively. There are genius individuals but they too have to put efforts and pass the examinations. All of us may not aspire to become a genius, but there is no reason we should not try to aim for the best that we can produce. We end up comparing our marks with others in the examination of life without giving a thought that each one has a different question paper.


Shanaya’s father runs leather industry. She is a research scholar doing research on labor reforms in India. Once she visited the industry with her father as she had some queries to be asked from the employees there. She became utmost happy to see the state of affairs and positive answers from the employees regarding their working conditions, skill training ,enhancing knowledge base, perks and packages and redressal of grievances .Perhaps this was a fabricated picture which she received but she had to go there without telling after few days and she was stunned to see the real picture. All the employees were on strike demanding fair pay and regulation of working conditions. They were made to work for extra hours without any benefits. Even leaves were hardly granted and they had to use the washrooms which were not being cleaned for many days. No social security and the situation was really dismal.
As she was leading protagonist of labor reforms. She promised to talk regarding all these sorry affair of states to his father, where she had a deep discussion regarding labor reforms and its role in economic development with his father where she left no stone unturned in letting his father realize the importance of employees welfare.
In the evening she went to her father to meet him pretending she does not know anything about the industry.
Shanaya- Papa, as you know I have to complete my theses by the end of the month ,I want your view points regarding importance of labour reforms , its importance?
Father-Its indeed a pleasure Shanaya to have a discussion with you regarding labor reforms in India..
Shanaya -My first question to you, what is labor reform?
Father- Shanaya labor reform has wide connotations .It means taking steps to increase production, productivity, employment opportunities in the economy while protecting overall interest of labour.
Shanaya-What do you mean by overall interest of labour?
Father-It means skill development, retraining, redeployment, updating knowledge base, enhancing leadership skills. labor Reforms also include labour laws reforms.
Shanaya-May I know about acts regarding labor reforms in the past ? As I know about recent reforms. Acts reinstated in the past would help me to do a comparative study and conclude better.
Father-Ok Shanaya let me tell you some of the very important acts –
1.Wages boost the morale of the employees .Art 43 ensures right to living wage and conditions of work ensuing a decent standard of life. So wage regulation becomes utmost important.
Payment of Wages Act 1936-Under this act, employees should receive wages on time and without any unauthorized deductions. Section 6 requires that people are paid in money rather than in kind.
Trade Union Act 1926—It provides for registration of trade union of employers and workers.It confers legal and corporate status on registered trade unions.
Minimum Wages Act 1948-For fixing/revising minimum rates of wages for employment. The minimum rates of wages also include special allowance, Variable Dearness Allowance which is revised twice a year linked to Consumer Price Number.
Payment of Gratuity Act 1972-Paid to establishments which have more than 10 employees. Gratuity is paid to employees if he or she resigns or relieves .
Payment of Bonus Act 1965- It applies to enterprises involving up to 20 employees.Bonus being paid as according to the productivity of the employees. The minimum bonus of 8.3% is payable by every industry and establishment under the section 10 of the act.
The Contract labour ( Regulation and Abolition ) Act,1970- A contract labour is a person who is hired,supervised,contracted and remunerated by a contractor ,who ,in turn is compensated by the user enterprise.The concern to improve the working and living conditions of contract labour and the Supreme Court of India’s observations in the case of standard vacuum refinery company Vs their workmen,resulted in the enactment of this act.
Shanaya-Yes papa thanks for telling me all this now I would like to add my share of knowledge regarding recent reforms like Shram Suvidha portal ,under this government would allot Labour Identification number to nearly 6 lakh firms providing e-filling of annual returns by the employees
UAN ( Universal Account Number Scheme)-for all provident Fund contributors which will allow portability and online tracking of PF benefits.
Random Inspection Scheme-To bring transparency in labor inspection.
Apprentice Protsahan Yojana-will support manufacturing units by reimbursing 50% stipend paid to apprentices during first two years of their training
Revamped Rashtriya Swasthya bima yojana, Protocol on trafficked child labour, Protection of the interest of women workers, Equal remuneration act( 1976),social security schemes insurance and medical benefits, and development of necessary skills under skill India programme.
Father- Shana, there are too many legislations regarding protection of employers indeed. May you please tell me the role of these labor reforms in economic development.
Shanaya- Yes papa changing labor rules to make it less rigid, a country may create more jobs, reduce the duration of unemployment, increase productivity and ultimately achieve economic growth. Most economically successful countries all have flexible labor regimes and vice versa. Even humane and just conditions of working act as motivating factor on employees to work efficiently and boosting overall productivity.
Father-Thanks Shanaya for making me aware of all these things and now I realize my mistakes which I commited while running leather industry. I will talk to union of workers and resolve the problems as early as possible.
Shanaya made father realize the importance of employees welfare to his father. But the story does not end here .The real problem lies in turning laws in books to laws in action. The private and unorganized sector does not comply to all the rules and regulations strictly. Why skilled labor is moving out of India? Why is brain drain occurring?. As they are paid more and ensues better living and working conditions. laws in India are too much complicated. Harassment of juveniles, bonded labors, migrant workers has posed severe threats to the economic growth. Despite enactment of child labour ( Prohibition and Abolition) Act still child labors are being exploited . Sachar committee recommended legislation for inclusion of workers on boards, however, this had not been implemented. Sex discrimination too occurs at work place.
If India wants to raise its bar of economic and inclusive development. Loopholes in turning the enactments to action must be plucked out sincerely and let the employers back employees in realizing their worth in the organization as this will help create a bond between the employer and employee which maintains the stability and credibility at the top. Laws may be flexible and employee friendly to help in retaining them for long and securing the money involved in their training.International labor conventions need to be adhered to in the era of liberalization and globalization in order to head for inclusive economic development.